New Education Policy 2020: Ministry of Human Resources and Development (MHRD) has been renamed as the Ministry of Education. This decision has been taken during Modi’s meeting. During this meeting, the Modi government has also approved the New Education Policy 2020. Educational Minister Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank said that – “the biggest consultation process in the world was to prepare the National Education Policy 2020”. He said that – “I wish the country more than 1000 universities, more than 1 crore teachers and 33 crores, students”.
During the announcement, Union Minister Prakash Javadekar said that – “the new National Education Policy 2020 has been approved in the cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi today”. The consultation process was run before the New Education Policy 2020, which lasted from 26 January 2019 to 31 October 2019.
Through this new education system in India, many improvements have been made in the education system in the country. Many important changes have been made from the school level to graduation.
Major Changes Under New Education Policy 2020
What Changed At School Level
1. The shift from 10+2 to 5+3+3+4 system
Existing 10 + 2 systems have been replaced. This has been changed to 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 years of active education, 3 years of practice, 3 years of the middle, and 4 years of secondary schooling.
2. First Grade From The Age Of 6
Children will start their first grade from the age of 6. Classes 1 to 10 will be taught at the age of 6 to 16 years. Education will be done from 11th to 12th at the age of 16 to 18 years.
Students will be given two levels of options in all subjects. For example, this time CBSE had given two-level options in Maths – Basic and Standard. Now starting from Maths, this kind of option will be available in all subjects. Students will be studying it by choosing one of the options as their economy.
Instructions should be given to children in schools in their home language, mother tongue, and regional language till at least 5th grade. However, it can also be adopted for classes 8th and beyond.
5. Diluted Board
Board exams will be simplified a bit. The examination will be such that the core competency can be demanded. These exams will be offered twice a year on Objective and Aggressive Patterns. Students can choose one of these.
6. Establishment Of PARAKH
The Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development (PARAKH) will be established, which will serve as the standard-setting body for board exams.
7. Bag-Less Days
There will be baggage (bag-less days) for school students 10 days a year. That is, in these 10 days there is no need to go to school with the burden of books in them. During this time they will be doing these demonstrative internships.
What Changed At College Level
1. SAT-Like College Test
For admission to colleges, one has to go for entrance tests like SAT. These exams will be conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). For admission in various colleges of the country, one common entrance examination by NTA will have to go twice a year.
2. 4-Year Bachelor
There will be a four-year degree. However, there will also be a 3-year option. Those who leave the course between students will also get a credit transfer and a chance to complete their degree after a break.
3. Multiple Entry And Exit
There will be four options at the college level after 12th. On completing the first year in the course in the four-year category, the certificate can be completed in two years in advance, on three years, with a degree and four years of research, with a degree course. That is, there will be a choice of multiple entry and exit.
4. No Affiliation
In the next 15 years, colleges will be given autonomy to award degrees. Colleges will not require accreditation from universities. The deemed university status will also be abolished.
5. Free Cap
It is proposed to impose a fee cap in private institutions for higher education. That is, the maximum fee is fixed.
6. Going Global
Some of the world’s top 100 universities will be encouraged to visit India. There will be an effort to make the top Indian institutions global.
7. Multidisciplinary Work Programme By 2040
All higher education institutions will be made multidisciplinary by 2040. A national institute will be set up on university campuses for transfer, Prakrit, Persians.
8. No MPhil Course Before Ph.D.
There will be no MPhil course before Ph.D. after the master’s degree course.